If you’re trying to get pregnant, here’s the first question you probably asked yourself: “when do you ovulate?” The primary reason why women want to know when they ovulate and how long it lasts is trying to get pregnant. But if getting pregnant is your goal, you should care more about the days before you ovulate.
When you ovulate, the process of the egg bursting out of the follicle is complete within a matter of minutes or hours. After the egg is released from the ovary, it must be fertilized by a sperm within 12 – 24 hours.
If you’re trying to conceive, it’s more important to know when the fertile window is than when you ovulate. Luckily, the fertile window lasts a lot longer than ovulation itself. The reason for this is that sperm can live inside the female reproductive tract for up to five days. Your best chances for pregnancy occur when sperm is waiting in your fallopian tubes before ovulation occurs.
Let’s explore the length of ovulation from each of these angles.
When do you ovulate?
Ovulation is a complex hormonal event; it doesn’t just happen out of the blue. Early in your menstrual cycle, multiple follicles begin to mature inside of your ovaries. One of them eventually becomes dominant, growing faster than all the others. This dominant follicle is the one that will be released from your ovary during ovulation.
You can use a variety of methods to track your cycle and figure out when ovulation occurs.
How long does the process of ovulation last?
Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from one of the ovaries. It’s then pushed down the fallopian tubes toward the uterus. If a sperm manages to fertilize the egg during its journey, it implants in the uterine lining and grows to become a fetus. If not, the egg disintegrates into the uterine lining and is shed during menstruation. The moment an egg is released from the ovaries is instantaneous.
How long does the egg live for?
As soon as the egg is released from the ovary, it has about 12 – 24 hours to live. If it is not fertilized by a sperm during this time, it dies and is eventually shed with the uterine lining.
How long does ovulation last?
Ovulation only lasts a few minutes or hours, and if you’re trying to get pregnant, you might be worried that that’s not a very big window for intercourse. But there are actually about six days each month when intercourse can result in a pregnancy; this is called your fertile window. This is because sperm can survive inside your body for up to five days when fertile cervical mucus present.
So if you have sex a few days before ovulation, the sperm can wait patiently in your fallopian tubes for ovulation to occur. And if you have sex very soon after ovulation, the fastest sperm can reach the egg within a half hour—potentially in time to catch the egg before it dies.